Thursday, April 30, 2009

Unexpected Guest at Opening Reception

Welcome to our Opening Reception: From left to right: Trustees Evelyn Drewes and Eileen Forbes-Watkins and members Fred Olsson and Marvin & Nancy Weinberg. In the background are parts of Henry Draper’s telescope and the Riverview Manor Hose Company display.

It was lovely to see so many old and new friends at the Opening Reception for the Society’s exhibition on Sunday. Two Draper descendants, Mary Draper and Gail Maury Bauer, came to see our display on their famous forebears. But the most important guest, unfortunately, could not fit through the door. First Assistant Chief James Sarfaty of the Riverview Manor Hose Company was in attendance, with firemen Steve Horelick and Lary Greiner, and Captain Bob Cadoux. And they brought with them their brand new and very shiny fire engine, a 2008 model Seagrave Marauder II Pumper. The back door bears a gilded logo faithfully copied from fire company’s 1910 charter by artist Forrest Hill. He also rendered in gold the department badge on the front door, originally designed by former Captain Andy DeFrancesco. The company is working on a history for their commemorative journal, and we hope to learn even more about this historic company during the coming year.

In the top photograph, Assistant Chief Sarfaty, Historical Society Trustee Kenneth Loyal Smith, and member Chris Postma admire the new fire truck. Click on the photograph of the truck and you will get a better picture of the gold logo on the door.

The company was formed in the early days of the Riverview Manor development, when it had only a dozen or so houses. You can see below a photograph of the company’s first machine, a 1911 Buick Jumper, loaned by the Livingston Hose Company of Dobbs Ferry. This fire truck had no motor, and when there was a fire, the firemen had to pull the hose cart through the streets with a rope! (A 25 cent fine was levied for each man “not pulling on the rope with enthusiasm while proceeding to or from a fire.”) Even so, the men in that photograph look just as proud of it as Captain Sarfaty and his crew are of theirs.

Riverview Manor Hose Company in 1912. The firemen identified on the back of the postcard are: Captain John O. Berg (at the wheel in the white hat), John S. Miller (in front seat), W. W. Burgess, Charles Doty, and John Donnelly Sr. (in rear seat), Homer G. Balcom (with hand on car), C. F. Meder, Oliver Burdette, and L. D. Van Aiken (on the hose reel), and Charles L. Brookheim (behind Jumper).

We hope that everyone who was not able to be there on Sunday will come and visit us during our regular hours, or call and make an appointment to see the exhibition!
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Monday, April 27, 2009

The Barbers of Hastings

by Judy (Wemer) Chamberlain

Joe Manzi and a customer in Krueger's barber shop on Main Street

You never know what you are going to find when you visit the Hastings Historical Society. The cottage is a treasure trove of photos and maps, documents and books, and objects from another time. I often go to research one topic and get distracted by another that is equally fascinating. And you never know, you may bump into an old friend or neighbor while you’re there.

On two recent visits, I caught up with some former classmates who were making use of this wonderful resource. One day Liz Kapuster Douglas came down from Danbury to take a look at the wonderful postcard collection HHS has. It seems she collects postcards of Hastings. Who knew that there were so many postcards of Hastings? And a couple of weeks ago, I met Peter Seixas who was in from Vancouver to do a little personal research. Peter and I began to discuss events that occurred in Hastings when we were back in the 7th grade. It was certainly a ‘dust off your memory’ kind of encounter. We covered a range of subjects that included bomb shelters, barbers, mysterious happenings, and mutual acquaintances.

Our conversation about barbers jarred my memory to recall my visits to Jake with my brother Ray. Jake Hoffman’s little one-man shop was on Warburton Avenue. My mother would drop us off in front, and Ray and I would go in to sit quietly on the window seat and wait our turn. I say, “our turn,” because even though Ray was there for a haircut, Jake would also trim my bangs. I was never pleased with this idea because girls were supposed to go to a beauty parlor, not have a barber cut their hair. My mother tried to persuade me that Jake wasn’t just any barber; he was once the barber for Billie Burke and Flo Ziegfeld. I wasn’t impressed. Can’t say I recall when we stopped frequenting Jake’s, stopped staring at the small white hexagon tiles that dotted the floor, stopped watching customers ease themselves into that old barber chair with the wide leather strap dangling down. Eventually, I would have my hair cut in a few doors down at Dore and then at Dee’s by Dolores Radomski, but I fondly remember Jake the barber.

There I go, rambling off again. Almost every visit I make to the cottage triggers a memory or sparks an interest. It might be an old journal or map, a newspaper clipping, sepia print, or a happenstance conversation. Why not visit the cottage and see what you discover?

Editor’s Note: We’re always glad to hear that people think we have a great collection! But we don’t have everything we would like to have. Take, for example, pictures of Jake Hoffman. The best we could do to illustrate Judy’s post this week was the photograph of Joe Manzi at the top. The photograph directly above, taken in 1958, shows the building that Jake Hoffman had been in as it was being remodeled for Astoria Federal. Jake occupied the corner space on the far right, 558 Warburton Avenue, and shared it with Larry’s Beauty Salon. If you look closely, you can see part of the lettering for Larry’s sign. If you have any pictures of Jake or his shop, we’d love to have copies! And by the way, does anyone recognize the child in the photograph with Joe Manzi?

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Saturday, April 25, 2009

Mystery Photo: Annual Outing of the Zinsser Chemical Company

Here is a photograph that needs lots of identifications (click on the photograph for a larger version, and for an even larger one click on the words "All Sizes" above the photograph). It was taken at the 1945 Annual Outing of the Zinsser Chemical Company. The company itself was on the southern end of the Hastings waterfront, but from the 1930s through the 1950s they held their picnics at Schmidt’s Farm on Fort Hill Road near Jackson Avenue. (Though an atlas would suggest this location to be near the border between Yonkers and unincorporated Greenburgh, Schmidt’s Farm had a Scarsdale telephone number. On the matchbook cover below they describe themselves romantically as “west of Scarsdale.”)

In its heyday, Schmidt’s Farm stood on a large plot with lots of outdoor space and a huge room that could be restaurant or banquet hall. Trustee Louise Gerold Brown tells us that local teenagers used to go there for dancing on the weekends. Other big groups from Hastings patronized Schmidt’s Farm during its long life, including Anaconda Wire & Cable Company and St. Matthew’s Roman Catholic Church.

The photograph is sure to include non-Hastings residents, but Zinsser did employ many local people as well. The photograph was taken in 1945, and during World War II the number of women working at Zinsser increased.

The only identification we have for the photograph is the owner of the company, Col. Frederick G. Zinsser, an unmistakable figure seated in the middle of the second row. Do you recognize anyone else? Let us know!

A Schmidt's Farm matchbook, currently for sale on eBay.
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Thursday, April 23, 2009

Opening April 26th “Milestones in Astronomy: The Drapers of Hastings”

Chasing the Moon, Part II

Henry Draper in Civil War uniform. He served as an army surgeon in 1862.

In the last post we described how John William Draper took the first photographs of the moon. His son, Henry, was also a physician and an avid amateur photographer. In 1857 he visited Ireland and the world’s largest reflecting telescope built by the Earl of Rosse in the 1840s. When he came back to the United States, he began to build his own observatory on the family property in Hastings.

The observatory, completed in 1860, was very much a home-made affair, constructed with help from his father and his brother, Daniel. They polished the mirrors for the telescope by walking on a treadmill.

Henry Draper's observatory, ca. 1880, showing both the first dome, built in 1860, on the far right, and the later dome in the center.

In 1863 Henry took a series of photographs of the moon through his telescope that showed far more of the moon’s features than any photographs taken previously, or for several decades to come. They were so sharp that the moon could be enlarged up to 50 inches in diameter without loosing any detail. They conveyed the appearance of the moon so vividly that at the time they were referred to as “portraits”. The director of the Smithsonian Institution visited Henry’s observatory and was so impressed that he asked Henry to write a description of his process, which the Smithsonian later published.

One of the 1500 photographs of the moon taken by Henry Draper in 1863.

The most spectacular of Henry’s moon photographs was taken September 3, 1863. It was reproduced in Harper’s Magazine in 1864 next to a long, rambling article about the place of the Moon in human history. The publication of his photographs made Henry Draper famous, and his observatory became a place of pilgrimage for dedicated astronomers until his death in 1882.

In 1869, Henry constructed a second observatory adjoining the first, in order to house a new and larger telescope. With this, he took some of the earliest photographs of comets, lunar eclipses, and nebulae, and the first photograph of the spectrum of a star.

Part of the observatory building was destroyed by fire in 1905. The remainder became a private residence. We are proud to say that now, after a 1996 restoration, the Draper observatory is the home of the Hastings Historical Society, which also houses an important collection Draper family letters, books, and photographs.

Draper Cottage, home of the Hastings Historical Society, at 407 Broadway, in the middle of Draper Park.
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Monday, April 20, 2009

Opening April 26th “Milestones in Astronomy: The Drapers of Hastings”

Chasing the Moon, Part I

2009 is the 400th anniversary of Galileo’s use of the telescope to study the stars, and it has been declared an “International Year of Astronomy” by the International Astronomical Union and UNESCO. In honor of this initiative, we have dedicated part of our new exhibition to the Drapers, John William and his son Henry, and their contribution to celestial photography.

Though both were doctors by trade, father and son were also pioneer photographers. John William had trained as a chemist and was a contemporary of Louis Daguerre. As early as 1837, John William was experimenting with photography, and as soon as the details of Daguerre’s process for fixing images on silvered metal plates became known in 1839, John William constructed his own daguerreotype camera.

John William Draper (1811-1882), engraving from a photograph taken ca. 1864

One of Daguerre’s colleagues encouraged him to try photographing the moon. The resulting daguerreotype, taken in January of 1839, was “a clearly visible white impression.” Daguerre was unsatisfied with the picture, which he described as “fuzzy and low in detail.”

During the winter of 1839-40, John William Draper took a series of daguerreotypes of the moon, focusing the moon’s rays on the plate using a three-inch lens. In March of 1840, he displayed his photographs at a meeting of the Lyceum of Natural History in New York.

Daguerreotype of the moon taken by John William Draper at New York University in Manhattan. The original is in the archives of New York University (image used by permission).

“A portion of the figure was very distinct,” declared the minutes of the meeting, “but owing to the motion of the Moon, the greater part was confused. The time occupied was twenty minutes, and the size of the figure was about one inch in diameter. Daguerre had attempted the same thing but did not succeed. This is the first time that anything like a distinct representation of the moon’s surface has been obtained."

These daguerreotypes of the moon by Draper are generally considered to be the first successful photographs of any celestial object. The moon looks rather like an amoeba floating in the primordial ooze. This was partly due to the low light levels and the long exposure time needed for a daguerreotype.

Twenty years later, John William’s son, Henry, managed to take far superior photographs right here in Hastings. Check back with this blog on Thursday to find out how!

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Sunday, April 19, 2009

Mystery Photo: Girl Scouts and the Red Cross

This is an intriguing photograph. It shows two women in a group of what are most likely high school girls. One of the women is in a nurse’s uniform and the other a scout leader’s uniform. The girls are also in uniform, half Girl Scout and the other half in a type of uniform that we can’t identify. Kenneth Loyal Smith, our trustee whose background is textile conservation, has worked with Girl Scout uniforms in the past and thinks that the ones pictured here date from about 1955.

The presence of the nurse and the Red Cross flag suggested at first that the photograph might represent the Junior Red Cross, a group that was sponsored by the Hastings branch of the Red Cross and met in the school. But the fact that every girl appears to be in uniform makes this unlikely.

Only one person in the photograph has been identified. Her name is Dorothea “Kamm” Gould. Do you recognize anyone else? Do you have any idea what this other uniform could be, what the occasion was, or why this photograph was taken? We’d love to know!
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Thursday, April 16, 2009

John P. Davies’ Historical Map of Westchester

Every generation of Hastings residents has its history buffs. One such was civil engineer John Percival Davies. Being a mapmaker, Davies came up with the idea of a map that would visually encapsulate the entire history of Westchester County – or at least the period from the arrival of Henry Hudson in 1609 to the completion of the railroad lines in the 19th century.

Davies was born in South Wales in the UK, but lived much of his life in Hastings. He built his own house at 169 Edgars Lane, and had Margaret Sanger and Lewis W. Hine as neighbors. Hastings oldtimers remember Davies as the first captain of Hastings’ World War I Home Guard, from which he resigned to enter the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1918.

Captain John P. Davies of the Hastings Home Guard in 1917. (Click the photograph to see the entire Home Guard group.)

But by 1932, Davies was working in the city on 40th Street. He seems to have been an expert mapmaker, because our collection includes a number of maps that Davies drew up for the village of Hastings – street maps, an Air Raid Protection Service map, and a sociological map for Superintendent John Hopkins dissertation on the Hastings public school system. Davies’ office was right around the corner from the New York Public Library, and it was there that he did the research for his historical map.

The final product was printed on buff paper and hand colored in pale washes of blue and red, giving it all the romance of an antique. Among the wealth of details are tiny drawings of Patriots and Redcoats, trains and horses, and the proud coats of arms of Westchester’s earliest European settlers.

Sigges Rock on the Andrus Property

Needless to say, the map includes several important Hastings landmarks. One is Sigges Rock. Today this huge boulder on Andrus property on the east side of Broadway straddles the official line between Hastings and Yonkers, but it is said to have marked the boundary between the Weckquaeskeck in Dobbs Ferry and the Manhattes in Yonkers in Indian times. The name itself means boundary stone in the Algonquin language. Another landmark on the map is the neutral forge that served both sides during the Revolution, and was later incorporated into the house that is today called Forge Cottage at 383 Broadway. The third Hastings landmark is marked by crossed swords—it is the spot on Broadway at Edgar’s Lane where, in 1777, the Hessians soldiers and the American troops under Colonel Richard Butler clashed.

383 Broadway ca. 1900, said to have been a neutral forge during the American Revolution

It is a good-sized map, 17 x 23 inches, and far too large to fit on our scanner bed. But when Katie Hite, president of the Westchester County Historical Society, was looking for pieces to include on their “Historical Treasures of Westchester County” web site, she scooped up this map and took it away with her to scan at the Westchester County facilities. Thanks to Katie and Patricia Dohrenwend, Director of the County Archives and Records Center, we have not only an excellent digital image of the map, but also a wonderful collection of Hastings masterpieces on the web.
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Monday, April 13, 2009

Opening April 26th “1909: Hastings-on-Hudson in the Year of the Hudson-Fulton Celebration”

2009 is a year of anniversaries, and we want to celebrate every one of them. It is the 400th anniversary of Galileo’s use of a telescope to study the stars, and in honor of this event we are putting the finishing touches on a display entitled “Milestones in Astronomy: The Drapers of Hastings-on-Hudson.” 2009 is also the 100th anniversary of both the Literature Club and the Riverview Manor Hose Company, and we will have presentations on those as well. But more on those another time.

Our main exhibition will be on the subject of our April 6th post: the 1909 Hudson-Fulton Celebration. Our new trustee, museum professional Kenneth Loyal Smith, has been working hard on the show and has this to say about the installation:

You will find yourself surrounded by a wall of river blue with waves cresting to the right on the top and to the left on the bottom. The waves represent the Hudson River flowing out to sea down the river and up the river with the incoming tides.

On the blue panels are drawings of both the “Half Moon” and “Clermont” surrounded by enlargements of souvenir postcards from the Society's collection. Display cases contain souvenirs, a plate depicting the “Half Moon,” programs, two wonderful little tin miniatures of the “Clermont” and a pin lent by Tony Peluso, a reverse painting of the “Clermont” lent by Bob and Mary Russell, and two stereoscope views, one of the “Clermont” reproduction boat and the other of the “Half Moon” reproduction.

Along the wall are photographs taken in Hastings-on-Hudson during the celebration. The table in the center of the room is loaded with interesting reading material. Two thick volumes report the celebration and contain many illustrations and photographs. There are copies of souvenir programs, and pages from the Tower Ridge Yacht Club journal signed by the captains of the “Half Moon” and “Clermont.” Next to the table is a large display case chock full of medallions, pins and other souvenir items from the celebration.

This is one exhibit not to miss. You are sure to enjoy your visit!
Kenneth Loyal Smith

Kenneth with the pint-sized Indian costume worn by Harriet Kneen Mills during the celebration, donated by Harriet in 1991. On the wall to the right is a 1909 photograph of Harriet wearing the costume.

Join us for the
Sunday, April 26th, 2009
2-4 PM
Hastings Historical Society
407 Broadway, Hastings-on-Hudson, NY 10706

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Saturday, April 11, 2009

Mystery Photo: Judging Preserves at the Country Fair

For the citizens of Hastings-on-Hudson, the highlight of the year 1979 was the festival celebrating the 100th anniversary of the incorporation of the village. (For more on the 1879 incorporation of the village, see posts from March 12th and March 16th.) Hastings Centennial events ran all year long, but this photograph was taken on September 15th, during the Country Fair at Zinsser Park, sponsored by the Parks & Recreation Department and the Hastings Nature Council. The entire day was full of activities, from a sheep shearing demonstration and a corn husking contest to a cake auction. (The Historical Society was there, of course, with its own display.)

The “Judging of Cakes, Pies, Cookies, Preserves, Senior Crafts, Flowers, Plants & Vegetables” was the first event of this busy day. The photograph of the judges examining the preserves was taken by Martin Merchant, who also ran the photography booth at the fair. It might have been intended for the Enterprise, but it was never used. Do you recognize anyone?

And how about these three girls standing near the sheep pen? Do you know their names? Let us know!
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Thursday, April 9, 2009

Hubert Krack’s Radio Days

These days, parents worry about their children spending too much time in front of the television and the computer. But did parents have the same concerns in the 1930s about the radio?

Going through Scout Leader Dan Rile’s collection of Cub Scout records for the 1930s, we came across a questionnaire that Dan had used for a paper he was writing in 1938 for a sociology class at New York University. The questionnaire collected information about his scouts and charted their activities hour by hour on a typical Saturday, Sunday, and Monday.

The only questionnaire Dan preserved was that of Hubert Krack, aged 9 years and 11 months. Hubert had one brother, and his favorite subject in school was arithmetic. His favorite activity was football, and his favorite games were Monopoly, Parcheesi, and what he called the “Boxing Game.” His favorite books were King Arthur and His Knights, Peter Pan, and The King of the Mountains, an adventure story about three Brits captured by a Greek brigand. He read the funnies from the Daily News and the Sunday Times, and he claims to have read both the scouting magazine Boy’s Life and the Ladies Home Journal.

Hubert’s parents gave him 15 cents a week spending money. He generally went to the movies once a month and preferred war pictures. His three favorite actors were Dick Powell, Sonja Henie, and Shirley Temple, in that order. Yes, he went to Sunday School, and yes, he liked it.

Hubert’s favorite radio programs were The Joe Penner Show, The Jack Benny Program, Philip Morris Playhouse, and One Man’s Family. And he certainly seems to have spent a good deal of time listening to them, as you can see from the following chart under the heading “Describe What You Did.”
And by the way, Dan noted on the back of Hubert’s questionnaire that he got an “A” on that sociology paper.
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Monday, April 6, 2009

2009: The Hudson-Fulton Celebration’s 100th Anniversary

Souvenir button from the Hudson-Fulton Celebration of 1909

To kick off the 2009 Hudson-Fulton-Champlain Quadricentennial celebration, the Historical Society and the Hastings Public Library recently co-sponsored a concert of 17th century lute music and a slide lecture by Roger Panetta. Roger is a professor of history at Fordham University, as well as a former Hastings resident and one-time trustee of the Historical Society. Roger’s topic was the Hudson-Fulton Celebration of 1909, one of the biggest public festivals ever held in New York.

When the U.S. Congress was choosing a city in which to hold the 1893 Columbian Exposition, New York was passed over in favor of Chicago. This insult to New York’s pride, Roger tells us, resulted in the Hudson-Fulton Celebration -- a festival designed by New Yorkers to demonstrate the importance of their state and its place in American history. The celebration combined two anniversaries. The first was the 300th anniversary of Henry Hudson’s exploration of the river that later bore his name. (The 1909 event was sometimes referred to as the “Tercentennial Celebration”) The second was the 100th anniversary of Robert Fulton’s trip up the Hudson River in the “North River Steamboat” (later called the “Clermont”), the first commercially-viable steamship. To the organizers of the Hudson-Fulton Celebration, Hudson’s voyage symbolized the spirit of exploration, as well as New York’s Dutch roots. Fulton’s steam experiments, on the other hand, represented progress and technology, and New York’s place at the center of American commerce.

Official U.S. postage stamp produced for the Hudson-Fulton Celebration

This celebration of the Hudson River was held over a two-week period, from September 25th to October 9 of 1909. It included parades on land and water, fireworks displays, an airplane flight, banquets, music festivals and art exhibitions, and even school essay prizes in history. More than two million people attended the festival, which involved the entire island of Manhattan as well as the communities along the Hudson River. You’ll be reading more about Hastings’ festivities in the next “Historian.”

You can still catch Roger’s lecture, archived by village technology gurus Rafael Zaratzian and Jen Corso, on the WHOH TV web site. We hope it will inspire you to visit our next exhibition here at the cottage, “1909: Hastings in the Year of the Hudson-Fulton Celebration,” which will feature the items in our collection from the Hudson-Fulton Celebration. But more on that in another post!


Hudson-Fulton Celebration resources on the web

  • The Hudson River Maritime Museum has digitized the final report of the Hudson-Fulton Commission that details all the events of the celebration.

  • We have formed a Flickr group for the Hudson-Fulton Celebration and posted a few images from our collection there. Anyone who has photographs or memorabilia from the Hudson-Fulton Celebration is welcome to add their images to this group!

  • Watch the New-York Historical Society web site for information on their exhibition on the Hudson-Fulton Celebration, still in the planning stages but slated to open in September.

  • On Google Books you can find the catalogs from the exhibition of Dutch art and the exhibition of American art held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1909, as well as other publications from the time of the celebration.

  • The 2009 Hudson-Fulton-Champlain Quadricentennial has its own web site. Look there for upcoming Quadricentennial events.
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Saturday, April 4, 2009

Mystery Photo: A New School Day

This is a wonderful photograph of girls waiting in line with their books and their lunchboxes to enter the school building. This building opened in 1904, and in 1939 it was christened the Admiral Farragut Elementary School. We don’t know when this photograph was taken. The reader you can see in one girl’s hand has the title “The New Round About” which was first published in the late 1940s, but continued through new editions into the mid 1950s. If we knew who the girls were, that would help date it. Does anyone have any ideas?
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Thursday, April 2, 2009

Mystery Solved: Southside Club’s Service Flag Photo

Here are eight young men holding up the Southside Social and Athletic Club’s World War II service flag. The photograph is dated March 30th, 1945, six months before the end of the war. Service flags were first used by individual families in World War I. During World War II, organizations, and even entire towns, had their own service flags. They all followed the same format, with a blue star for every member of the organization in active service and a gold star for every member who died in service. In 1942, the club held a “Social” to raise the money necessary to purchase a service flag for their 41 members already in service. Ordinarily, it hung in front of the club entrance, but it was also carried by the Southsiders in the Memorial Day parades. When a new Southsider joined up, Wally the tailor (aka Wally Kuzenchak) who had a shop on Spring Street, would come and get the flag and stitch on another blue star. Unfortunately, the flag had space for only 91 stars, and after that Wally had to just update the number. This flag is still in the possession of the Southside Club.

The boys are standing on what used to be called Railroad Avenue. Only a few months after this photograph was taken, it was renamed Southside Avenue in honor of the Southsiders in service. The young men are probably standing in front of the club building, though the photographer has angled the shot so that the building is outside of the frame, on the left. We are looking south – in the background you can see the old footbridge that used to cross the railroad tracks at the bottom of Washington Avenue and led to the office building of Anaconda Wire & Cable Company on the waterfront.

The photographer was Hanford C. Todd Jr., or Harry as he was called in the club. Harry Todd had served in World War I, and during World War II he wrote and printed a newsletter called “News At Home” for Southsiders in the service to keep them in touch with Hastings and with each other. You can read more about this in the back issues of the “Hastings Historian”, in the Winter 1995 and the Winter 2007 issues. (Harry’s father, Hanford “Doc” Todd, had been the local pharmacist in Hastings, and also a keen photographer. His photographs were featured in the Spring 2005 “Historian” on how the village looked in 1915.)

We posted this photograph on Flickr about two weeks ago with the idea that we would use it as a mystery photo since we didn’t know the names of any of the young men. Almost immediately, Paul Duddy left a comment saying that he would get to work on the identifications. But as fast as Paul is, Bryan Healy is faster. He took the photograph down to the Senior Canteen at the Community Center where Eleanor McGinigle, Anne Schnibbe, Eddie Shuluk and Helen Rakotz had no trouble in putting names to the faces. The young men are, left to right: Stanley Yochonarish, Ernie Grascia, Pete Kucap (hand on flag pole), Mike Seman (kneeling), Tony Grascia (flapping tie), and Benny Sciepura. Stanley, Peter, and Benny's names appear on the printed Hastings Honor Roll for World War II in the society’s collection. Bryan also pointed out that March 30th of 1945 was Good Friday, which explains why everyone is dressed up. Thanks for all your help, Bryan!

Southside Social and Athletic Club with their service flag marching down Warburton Avenue in the 1946 Memorial Day parade.

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